15 March 2023
E kore e taea e te whenua kōtahi ki te rarangi te whāriki. Kia mōhio ai tātou ki a tātou ma te mahi tahi o ngā whenua ma te mahi tahi o ngā kairaranga ka oti tenei mahi.
I te otinga me tītiro tātou ki ngā mea pai ka puta mai. A tana wa, me tītiro hoki ki ngā raranga i mākere nā te mea, he kōrero anō kei reira.
The tapestry of understanding cannot be created by one strand alone. It is only by the weaving together of the strands and of the weavers that such a tapestry can be completed.
And when it is completed, let us look at the good that comes from it. And let us also look at the dropped stitches, where there is also a message.
Northland DHB, NDHB is implementing a Home-Based Treatment HBT model of support for Tangata Whaiora ( service users) who are experiencing mental health and or addiction challenges in Te Tai Tokerau
HBT is a widely used model in New Zealand and around the world. It utilises a range of treatment options and intensive supports delivered
Working over a 12-hour day, seven days a week a mix of clinical, cultural and support staff spend long periods with Tangata Whaiora / service user and their Whanau/family, building rélationships and providing a range of clinical, cultural, and practical activities that support Tangata Whaiora with their recovery.
Emphasis is placed on working with Tangata Whaiora and their whanau, to build skills, provide tools to nurture resilience and educate about the challenges that have brought about the need for intervention and supporting a recovery journey.
HBT is a treatment and support option that is a critical element of a whole system approach to delivering mental health and addiction care. The original rationale was - by providing intensive acute treatment in the community the need for hospital admission would be significantly reduced. In addition to this outcome and some would say more importantly Tangata Whaiora and whanau who have used the HBT service - supported the provision of HBT as congruent with the recovery approach to care as stated in He Ara Oranga' the government inquiry into Mental health and Addiction Treatment and Support.
NDHB also recognised that inequities for Maori continue to be disproportionate. This is evident across Aotearoa as indicated in the data reported by the Ministry of Health on Maori admission rates, the use of seclusion and Compulsory Treatment Orders on Maori.
With a commitment to building Maori equity NDHB has partnered with Te Awhi Whanau Charitable Trust, a Kaupapa Maori Provider who specialises in the care and support of those with mental healthand or addiction challenges.
This partnership will see the respectful braiding and balancing of te ao Maori and non-Maori worldviews, knowledge, and practices. The term Raranga coined by Sharon Shae" describes this partnership while acknowledging the independent integrity and importance of both perspectives and practices, and how a positive intersection can provide appropriate and effective solutions for Maori.
Te Awhi has been in Te Tai Tokerau for twenty-four years delivering services from a Māori way of being, thinking and doing. This approach is founded on te ao Māori i.e. a Māori worldview and perspective, that describes a range of actions that express Mātauranga Māori in practice.
This team will provide an alternative to inpatient care by offering short-term intensive and assertive community support.
Raranga Tahi aims to provide a service to people within their community, preserving the strengths of family/whanau support and the support of local social networks, hapu and Iwi. Having the support of family/whanau around can be reassuring and helpful during an acute phase of mental health difficulties. Conversely, separation from family/whanau can add to the distress, and after admission, restoring relationships and contact with a person’s community is a difficult task, made even more difficult by the stigma attached to a psychiatric admission.
Inpatient admission or respite services can also be accessed depending if needed via a family covenant
Acute mental illness can present a significant burden to the community, families/whanau and carers. Worry, anxiety, uncertainty and disruption are all consequences of supporting a family/whanau member through an acute episode.
Whanau are often more willing to help with the reassurance when immediate access to a support team is at hand. Also, the burden and practical difficulties for families/whanau can be addressed directly, in the context of a partnership approach towards the resolution of the immediate needs.
Raranga Tahi - will assertively engage with Tangata Whaiora in a mental health crisis while minimising the degree of disruption to their lives and offering clear information to promote choice
Racism, attacks rangatiratanga and prevents Maori from living their lives in ways that are Maori.
Racism, enables and maintains existing power structures that systematically disadvantage Māori
Racism damages connections with Tipuna and compromise Maori ability to pass on Māori ways of knowing and being to future generations
Racist, biased,and discriminatory narratives directed towards Māori contribute to society and the system that perpetuates( consciously and unconsciously) intergenerational inequity, ill health, and lack of well-being. This current state is unacceptable and undesirable.
An evaluation investigates how well objectives have been met, what has changed for the community/patients as a direct result of this project and what could be done differently.
Goldsack, S; Reet, M: Lapsley, H; Gingell, M; 2005: Experiencing a Recovery-Orientated Acute Mental Health Service: Home Based treatment from the perspectives of Service Users, their Families and Mental Health Professionals: Published by the Mental Health Commission, NZ
Te Pou, Stories of Change – ADHB Acute Home-Based Service evaluation, 2009